What Causes IBD?

The cause of IBD is not known for certain, however it is thought that many factors are involved including the environment, diet and genetics.

Inflammation is a natural part of defending our body from unwanted foreign substances.  In people with IBD the body does not recognise signals to stop the inflammation and so the inflammation continues.

When our body encounters a foreign substance such as a virus or bacteria that is recognises as a threat to our health, our body’s natural defence mechanism, the immune system, goes into action. Inflammation is part of the immune response to protect our bodies from unwanted foreign substances. Once the foreign substance is destroyed, the inflammation normally dies down. However in people with IBD the body does not recognise signals to stop the inflammation and so the inflammation continues. Continued inflammation damages the walls of the intestine causing the ulceration and symptoms of IBD. IBD is commonly confused with irritable bowel syndrome or IBS. They are quite different. IBD concerns inflammation of the bowel and IBS concerns abnormality of movement in the bowel.

How is IBD diagnosed?

 

 
 
 
Web Design by Fuse Creative Ltd © Pharmaco (NZ) Ltd. All rights reserved. Last updated: 22 July 2014
PENTASA IS A PRESCRIPTION MEDICINE

Pentasa Tablets 500mg, Pentasa Enema 1g/100 ml, Pentasa Suppository 1g, Pentasa Granules (Sachets) 1g.

The information provided in this website is not intended to replace advice given by your doctor, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. If you have any concerns about your health and or treatments please consult a doctor, pharmacist or other healthcare professional. Consult your doctor to see if this medicine is right for you.

Important Consumer Information

Do not use Pentasa if you have an allergy to any medicine containing mesalazine or aspirin-like medicines, or to any of Pentasa's ingredients. Do not use Pentasa if you have a severe kidney or liver problem. Pentasa should be used with caution during pregnancy and lactation.Side effects:All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not. Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them.The following list includes common side effects which are usually mild and short lived: headache, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, rash. For enemas and suppositories also any pain or itching of the anus or rectum, rectal discomfort and urge to have a bowel movement. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of these side effects and they worry you. The following list includes serious side effects which may need medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you notice any of the following: bruising easily, unusual bleeding (e.g. nosebleeds), or frequent signs of infection such as fever, chills, sore throat and mouth ulcers; muscle aches and pains; painful joints; severe upper stomach pain; chest pain, sometimes spreading to the neck and shoulders, or with fever; yellowing of the skin/eyes. The following list includes very serious side effects that may need urgent medical attention. These side effects are very rare. If you notice any of the following, tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital: Sudden signs of allergic reactions such as rash, shortness of breath, swelling of limbs, face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty swallowing or breathing. Severe stomach cramps and/or pain, bloody diarrhoea, fever and severe headache. Rash with severe blisters and bleeding of the eyes, mouth, lips, nose and genitals. Consumer Medicine Information available online at www.medsafe.govt.nz . Use only as directed. If symptoms continue or you have side effects, see your doctor, pharmacist or health professional.

Pentasa Tablets 500mg, Suppositories 1g, Enemas 1g/100 ml,and Granules (Sachets) 1g are funded prescription medicines. Doctor's charges will apply.

TAPS NA 7289